Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) is a disease that combines the sore, swollen joints of Arthritis with Psoriasis. It is a form of Arthritis that affects some people with Psoriasis (a condition that highlights red patches of skin coated with silvery scales). There is no permanent cure for Psoriatic Arthritis, so the main focus is on controlling symptoms and preventing damage to the joints.
Types of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) are as follows:
This type of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) affects the same joints on both sides of the body, so both the right and left knees. Symptoms can be similar to those of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).
Symmetric PsA tends to be milder and cause less joint deformity than RA. However, symmetric PsA can be disabling. About half of people with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) have Symmetric PsA.
Asymmetric PsA affects a joint or joints on one side of the body. The joints may feel sore and turn red. Asymmetric PsA is generally mild. It affects about 35% of people with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA).
Distal Interphalangeal Predominant PsA:
This type involves the joints closest to the nails. These are known as the distal joints. It occurs in about 10% of people with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA).
This type of PsA involves the spine. The intact spine from the neck to the lower back may be affected. Spondylitis PsA can make movement very painful. The hands, feet, legs, arms, and hips may also be affected.
Psoriatic Arthritis Mutilans:
Psoriatic Arthritis Mutilans is a severe, deforming type of PsA. About 5% of people with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) have this type. Psoriatic Arthritis Mutilans usually affects the hands and feet. It can also cause pain in the neck and lower back.
Both Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) and Psoriasis are chronic diseases that get worse over time. Still, the patient may have periods when the symptoms improve or go into remission, alternating with times when symptoms become worse.
Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) can affect joints on just one side or both sides of the body.
The symptoms and signs of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) often resemble those of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Both diseases cause joints to become swollen, stiff, painful, and warm to the touch.
Psoriatic Arthritis is more likely also to cause:
Symptoms can vary from mild to severe. It is necessary not to ignore the signs and symptoms, even if they come and go. Knowing the early signs of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) will help patients get better treatment and manage it on time.
A precise and early diagnosis of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) will help avoid the damage and deformity it can cause.
The Diagnosis for Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) include:
During the exam, the doctor will:
There is no single test that can confirm a diagnosis of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA). But some types of tests can help rule out other causes of joint pain, such as Rheumatoid Arthritis or Gout. The test may include:
There is no cure exists for Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA). The treatment focuses on controlling inflammation in the affected joints to prevent joint pain and disability.
Treatment type may include:
Drugs used to treat Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) are:
Other procedures may include:
Steroid Injections: Steroid injections helps to reduce inflammation quickly and is sometimes injected into an affected joint.
Most people with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) will never need surgery. But when no medication or other treatment method has worked, surgery can relieve pain, help an affected joint work, and allow the patient to move more.
Surgical Procedures may include:
Exposing the skin to ultraviolet (UV) light can help to get rid of Psoriasis skin plaques. But due to UV light can damage skin and possibly lead to skin cancer, and it is essential to get light therapy only with a doctor’s advice.
Different types of Light Therapies are:
Topical treatments include Creams, Gels, Ointments, and Lotions to relieve the itchy Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) rash. These treatments are available over the counter and with a prescription.
Options for Tropical Treatments are:
Complications of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) differs in patients and may include:
Arthritis Mutilans: A small percentage of people with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) develop Arthritis Mutilans. It is a painful, severe, and disabling form of the disease. Over a period, Arthritis Mutilans destroys the small bones in the hands, especially the fingers and can lead to permanent deformity and disability.
Pinkeye (Conjunctivitis) or Uveitis: People suffering from Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) sometimes also catch eye problems like pinkeye (conjunctivitis) or Uveitis which can cause reddened eyes, pain, and blurred vision. Patients with these problems are also at higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
Having Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) can make the patient more likely to develop other conditions over time.
Some of the most common are:
© 2021 medx-health. All rights reserved
Designed & Developed by Novel Knett Software Solutions